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JPE, Vol. 19, No. 5, September 2019
Design Methodology for Optimal Phase-Shift Modulation of Non-Inverting Buck-Boost Converters
Bingqing Shi, Zhengming Zhao, Kai Li, Gaohui Feng, Shiqi Ji, and Jiayue Zhou
Area Low Power Converters
Abstract The non-inverting buck-boost converter (NIBB) is a step-up and step-down DC-DC converter suitable for wide-input-voltagerange applications. However, when the input voltage is close to the output voltage, the NIBB needs to operate in the buck-boost mode, causing a significant efficiency reduction since all four switches operates in the PWM mode. Considering both the current stress limitation and the efficiency optimization, a novel design methodology for the optimal phase-shift modulation of a NIBB in the buck-boost mode is proposed in this paper. Since the four switches in the NIBB form two bridges, the shifted phase between the two bridges can serve as an extra degree of freedom for performance optimization. With general phase-shift modulation, the analytic current expressions for every duty ratio, shifted phase and input voltage are derived. Then with the two key factors in the NIBB, the converter efficiency and the switch current stress, taken into account, an objective function with constraints is derived. By optimizing the derived objective function over the full input voltage range, an offline design methodology for the optimal modulation scheme is proposed for efficiency optimization on the premise of current stress limitation. Finally, the designed optimal modulation scheme is implemented on a DSPs and the design methodology is verified with experimental results on a 300V-1.5kW NIBB prototype.
Keyword Buck-boost mode,Current stress limitation,Efficiency optimization,Non-inverting buck-boost,Phase-shift modulation
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