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JPE, Vol. 19, No. 4, July 2019
Buck-Flyback (fly-buck) Stand-Alone Photovoltaic System for Charge Balancing with Differential Power Processor Circuit
Chun-Gu Lee, Jung-Hyun Park, and Joung-Hu Park
Area Renewable Energy
Abstract In this paper, a buck-flyback (fly-buck) stand-alone photovoltaic (PV) system for charge balancing with a differential power processor (DPP) circuit is proposed. Conventional feed-back DPP converters draw differential feed-back power from the output of a string converter. Therefore, the power is always through the switches and diodes of the string converter. Because of the returning conduction path, there are always power losses due to the resistance of the switch and the forward voltage of the diode. Meanwhile, the proposed feed-back DPP converter draws power from the magnetically-coupled inductor in a string converter. This shortens the power path of the DPP converter, which reduces the power losses. In addition, the extra winding in the magnetically-coupled inductor works as a charge balancer for battery-stacked stand-alone PV systems. The proposed system, which uses a single magnetically-coupled inductor, can control each of the PV modules independently to track the maximum power point. Thus, it can overcome the power loss due to the power path. It can also achieve charge balancing for each of the battery modules. The proposed topology is analyzed and verified using 120W hardware experiments.
Keyword Buck-flyback,Charge balancing,Differential power processor,Fly-buck converter,Forward converter,Photovoltaic applications
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