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JPE, Vol. 18, No. 4, July 2018
Filterless and Sensorless Commutation Method for BLDC Motors
Shahin Mahdiyoun Rad and Mohammad Reza Azizian
Area Adjustable Speed Drives
Abstract This study presents a new sensorless commutation method for brushless direct current motors to replace Hall sensor signals with virtual Hall signals. The importance of the proposed method lies in the simultaneous elimination of the phase shifter and the low-pass filters, which makes the method simple and cost-effective. The method removes high ripple switching noises from motor terminals, thereby decreasing motor losses. The proposed method utilizes unfiltered line voltages with notches caused by current commutation. Hence, specific sign signals are defined to compensate for the effects of commutation noise. The proposed method is free from phase delay that originates from low-pass filters. The method directly produces virtual Hall signals, and thus, it can be interfaced with low-cost commercial commutation integrated circuits based on Hall sensors. Simulation and experimental results show the effectiveness and validity of the proposed method.
Keyword Brushless DC motor,Current commutation,Filterless,Rotor position detection,Sensorless
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