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JPE, Vol. 17, No. 3, May 2017
Comparison of Dynamic Characteristics between Virtual Synchronous Machines Adopting Different Active Power Droop Controls
Chang Yuan, Chang Liu, Xueyin Zhang, Tianyang Zhao, Xiangning Xiao, and Niang Tang
Area Power Quality and Utility Application
Abstract In modern power systems, high penetration of distributed generators (DGs) results in high stress on system stability. Apart from the intermittent nature of DGs, most DGs do not contribute inertia or damping to systems. As a result, a new control method named virtual synchronous machine (VSM) was proposed, which brought new characteristics to inverters such as synchronous machines (SMs). In addition, different active power droop controls for VSMs are being proposed in literatures. However, they are quite different in terms of their dynamic characteristics despite of the similar control laws. In this paper, mathematical models of a VSM adopting different active power droop controls are built and analyzed. The dynamic performance of the VSM output active power and virtual rotor angular frequency are presented for different models. The influences of the damping factor and droop coefficient on the VSM dynamic behaviors are also investigated in detail. Finally, the theoretical analysis is verified by simulations and experimental results.
Keyword Active power control,Damping factor,Droop control,Dynamic characteristics,Virtual synchronous machine (VSM)
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