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JPE, Vol. 17, No. 2, March 2017
Model-based Optimal Control Algorithm for the Clamp Switch of Zero-Voltage Switching DC?DC Converter
Minho Ahn, Jin-Hyuk Park, and Kyo-Beum Lee
Area Low Power Converters
Abstract This paper proposes a model-based optimal control algorithm for the clamp switch of a zero-voltage switching (ZVS) bidirectional DC?DC converter. The bidirectional DC?DC converter (BDC) can accomplish the ZVS operation using the clamp switch. The minimum current for the ZVS operation is maintained, and the inductor current is separated from the input and output voltages by the clamp switch in this topology. The clamp switch can decrease the inductor current ripple, switching loss, and conduction loss of the system. Therefore, the optimal control of the clamp switch is significant to improve the efficiency of the system. This paper proposes a model-based optimal control algorithm using phase shift in a micro-controller unit. The proposed control algorithm is demonstrated by the results of PSIM simulations and an experiment conducted in a 1-kW ZVS BDC system.
Keyword Bidirectional DC?DC converter,Clamp switch,Inductor current ripple,Zero-voltage switching
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